Gum Procedures
Functional Crown Lengthening

Decay can frequently be found below the gum line. In order to gain access to the decay, it is necessary to reduce some of the bone surrounding the area of decay so the gum tissue can be positioned either higher up or lower down on the tooth making access to repair decay feasible. In other circumstances, the tooth may fracture below the gum line. Often the tooth requires a crown (cap) to cover over the fracture line. In order for the crown to fit over the fracture line, it is necessary to raise or lower the gum and reshape the bone accordingly so that the fracture line now becomes visible above the gum. The tooth is now ready for a crown (cap). When smiling, ideally there should be a display of upper teeth and a slight amount of gum displayed as well. In many circumstances there is an excessive amount of gum displayed (this is known as a gummy smile). In order to reduce the gum display so that there can be an ideal amount of tooth and gum showing, it is necessary to move both the gum and bone higher up on the teeth. The bone is gently sculpted to create room for the gum tissue to be ideally positioned. Hence the correct proportions of the teeth and gum are now visible.

Bone Augmentation

Tooth loss occurs for many reasons; dental decay, root canal problems, fractures, periodontal disease and trauma. Additionally, at times teeth never develop. As a result of tooth loss, the bone melts away.

Bone grafting materials are used to rebuild and regenerate the bone providing sufficient bone in quantity and quality for implant placements and supporting tooth structure.

Frenectomy

If a patient has an excess amount of tissue that connects the lower and upper lips to the jaw and gum line, a frenectomy procedure is performed to remove the excess tissue. A frenectomy is either performed inside the middle of the upper lip, which is called a labial frenectomy, or under the tongue, called a lingual frenectomy. Frenectomy is a very common dental procedure in the dental world and is performed both on children and adults.

Soft Tissue Laser

George A. Malkemus, DDS uses a laser soft system to treat gum disease and other soft tissue problems. With the use of our soft tissue laser system, Dr. Malkemus can painlessly treat soft tissue (gum-related) issues such as periodontitis as well as perform more advanced procedures such as gum grafts. Give our Rohnert Park dental office a call at (707) 585-8595 and learn how the use of a soft tissue laser can benefit you during your next visit.

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Dr. Malkemus would love to meet you and your family and provide you with the dental care you deserve!